At the intersection of technology, finance and the Pacific Rim.

Thursday, June 24, 2010

Sayonara Crossroads

Dear Friends,

I have switched blogging accounts to a site called posterous. It is a pretty amazing blogging site--so easy to use--just email anything--photos, video, article links, etc. and it gets posted. So as much as I look blogger, time to move. If you want to keep up, I have the following sites there:

For IT and Development, go here:

For Private Equity and Deal commentary, go here.

I plan to use Posterous more in the classroom. Good luck to you.

Saturday, June 19, 2010

How you Run a Company the Right Way

I have cut and pasted this from one of my favorite bloggers--Cringely; I could not agree more. Like Einstein said:

Everything that can be counted does not necessarily count; everything that counts cannot necessarily be counted.

Accidents happen to the best of companies. It is how those companies respond to big industrial accidents — how they learn and change as a result of those lessons — that shows the quality of an organization. One of the many readers to comment to me this week on BP’s situation in the Gulf of Mexico put it in the context of his own experience working as an engineer at Monsanto Chemical. His lesson is so compelling that I have reproduced it below in its entirety — Bob.

In 1947 a tanker blew up in Texas City harbor, ironically the same city where BP had a big refinery accident in 2005. The 1947 explosion leveled Monsanto’s plant, killed hundreds and destroyed thousands of homes. It registered on seismographs as far away as Denver. While the accident was not Monsanto’s fault, it alerted management to the destructive power of a chemical process and provided the motivation to get super serious about safety. Of course back then most of the company’s management had engineering degrees and thoroughly understood the chemistry and physics involved. That, too, is probably a big difference with today’s industry. Few executives today have engineering or science degrees.

When I joined Monsanto in the late ’70’s they put their new hires through a three day course on the company. A couple hours were dedicated to the 1947 Texas City disaster — what happened, what the company learned, what the company does today. Industry often deals with dangerous processes, hazardous materials, and tremendous amounts of energy. The slightest mistake can cause a disaster.

Monsanto established a very effective safety culture after Texas City. They developed technology to better control chemical process. They developed standards to built safer facilities. They didn’t do this alone. They worked closely with other chemical companies. The whole industry invested in best practices and shared what they learned. When I started my job I was given a set of “standards” consisting of 3 binders, each 6 inches thick — serious reading.

A couple months after Bhopal we were given a briefing. A team had reverse-engineered Union Carbide’s process and from the press reports managed to piece together a pretty complete picture of what happened. After the briefing an existing company policy was reiterated — all plants are to be built to USA or local country safety standards, whichever is better. Even if the local country does not have safety standards, Monsanto’s are to have world class safety. No exceptions.

About a year after Bhopal a blue ribbon team had just finished a company wide review of Monsanto’s operations. They identified and rated all hazardous operations and materials used by the company, and assessed the risk if an accident occurred. The result of the study was sweeping changes in how much material was stored in each facility. Many processes and lines of business were deemed too risky to continue and were shut down. Monsanto walked away from tens of millions in business to reduce risk and improve safety.

Months later the CEO implemented a number of new programs. For the first time in the industry, Monsanto invited the local community into its facilities to show them what the company did. What materials were used. What products were produced. They equipped and trained local emergency response teams and hospitals to be better prepared for an accident. The CEO announced a plan to further reduce emissions by 90 percent, far exceeding EPA rules. If a process could not meet the new company rules or was too expensive to retrofit, it was shut down. Again the company shut down tens of millions of production.

The message was loud and clear. The company would be a good citizen. It would operate its plants safely. It would constantly try to reduce emissions. And if it couldn’t it would rather shut down that business. The emphasis was on results, not words.

Now, what the heck is BP doing?

Tuesday, June 01, 2010

Hybrids--New Leaders

Anand Giridharadas wrote a very incisive article in the NY Times about the emerging style of new leaders for the globalized world. I also have been thinking much about this as I adjust from one business style to another and from one industry (investments) to another (education). So what he had to say hit home in a very clear way--one of those--"absolutely right" moments. He profiled Indra Nooyi, the well-known Chairwoman of Pepsi Cola--new breed, Indian, woman, with one foot in India and one foot in USA. He describes her in this way:

"She is the chairwoman of PepsiCo, an American citizen born in India who has spoken of entering American politics one day. She was in an all-woman rock band in college. As a Yale student, she says, she wore a sari to an interview with a consulting firm and, upon getting the job, kept wearing it. She is a New York Yankees fan. She walks barefoot in the office at times, in an echo of the Indian aversion to closed shoes. She speaks in a faintly Indian accent while tossing out Americanisms like “cut my teeth.”

My Comments: Wow--talk about diversity--I especially admire her wearing a sari--particularly to a job interview--guts. There are a lot of points in the article about what the qualities of this new breed of global leaders. Very much worth reading. But there was an end-point to the article that was one of those "I have never heard that before" Anand writes:

"Shortly after Ms. Nooyi became PepsiCo’s chief executive in 2007, she has said, she returned to India and visited her mother, who asked her to dress up and sit beside her as guests came to offer good wishes. One by one, they ignored the famous leader and went straight to her mother, telling her what a good daughter she had raised. Like the hybrid leader she is, Ms. Nooyi brought the idea home and to the parents of her senior managers. “I wrote to those parents and told them how much they contributed to the success of PepsiCo through the gift of their son or daughter,” she said in a video interview posted online. “And it unleashed emotions that were unbelievable.”

That's why she is Chairwoman. What a tool for motivating your executives!

Wednesday, May 26, 2010

Face Recognition

Great Article in the FT about Face Recognition technology. The applications (and related concerns) are mind-boggling and it is close to being upon us. FT writes: , an Israeli start-up company, has launched tools to help search for pictures on Facebook. Users can identify someone in a photo and the application will scour the social networking site for other pictures in which that person appears.

So far, the company says it has scanned 9bn pictures and identified 52m individuals.

This month opened its code to allow other developers to build applications on top of the technology.

Privacy activists are growing concerned about the potential implications of facial recognition as it use becomes more mainstream. The nightmare scenario is someone snapping a picture on their mobile phone of a stranger, then using it to search the web for information about them.

Simon Davies, of Privacy International, the pressure group, says: "If these work, we really are in trouble. Its an identity thief's paradise for a start, and a tool for stalkers and burglars. Once you are able to triangulate people - find out who, and where they are - you can find innovative ways to abuse that information."

Saturday, May 15, 2010

Job Interviews

WSJ had an article on 5 "Must Ask" questions for a job interview. The article is here. The toughest one was, "What's the toughest feedback you've ever received and how did you learn from it?"

Friday, April 30, 2010

Dang, Those Military Guys are Getting Smarter

NY Times wrote an article on the military's use of Powerpoint. As one general said:

"Powerpoint makes us stupid."

Why? According to General McMaster:

“(Powerpoint is) dangerous because it can create the illusion of understanding and the illusion of control. Some problems in the world are not bullet-izable.”

And there is one such use for powerpoint in the military:

Senior officers say the program does come in handy when the goal is not imparting information, as in briefings for reporters. The news media sessions often last 25 minutes, with 5 minutes left at the end for questions from anyone still awake. Those types of PowerPoint presentations, Dr. Hammes said, are known as “hypnotizing chickens.”

Saturday, April 24, 2010

Tech Crunch reported the below. Personally, I don't think Steve Jobs would do this but they are right that the impact would be huge--like an asteroid hitting the cell phone industry--leaving a big hole in the ground. Details of ARM's financials are here:

The following is very much a rumor, but if true, it would be absolutely huge. A UK publication is reporting that Apple is considering buying ARM Holdings — aka, the company behind most of the world’s mobile phone processors. If Apple were to buy them, it would likely reshape the mobile landscape completely.

To be clear, London’s Evening Standard is only citing “gossips” within the city’s financial district. But those gossips aren’t the only ones convinced there is something to this talk: ARM’s shares went up 8.1 points today, with more than 5 million shares changing hands by midday, the paper reports. The deal, would apparently see Apple buying ARM for something in the neighborhood of 5.2 billion British pounds, or roughly $8 billion in U.S. dollars....

And if they did this, it would mean that almost all of Apple’s main competitors would likely have to find new chips to power their devices. While ARM doesn’t make the chips itself, it licenses out its technology to others who make the chips that go into Nokia, Sony, Samsung, HTC, and many, many other phones. This includes the iPhone and even the iPad, whose custom A4 chip is still based on ARM architecture. This also, obviously, includes phones that run Google’s Android software.